Epiphany Eat My Dust Kojiki ( Mydus ) Thanks to Cat & Nick Kenney for this lovable rogue!
A small, active and graceful dog; medium- to fine-boned, smooth hairless body, with hair on feet, head and tail only; or covered with a soft veil of hair.
Two distinct types of this breed; Deer type, racy and fine boned, and Cobby type, heavier in body and bone.
Happy, never vicious.
Head and Skull
Slightly rounded and elongated skull. Cheeks cleanly chiselled, lean and flat, tapering into muzzle. Stop slightly pronounced but not extreme. Head smooth, without excess wrinkles. Distance from base of skull to stop equal to distance from stop to tip of nose. Muzzle tapering slightly but never pointed, lean without flews. Nose a prominent feature, narrow in keeping with muzzle. Any colour nose acceptable. Head presenting graceful appearance, with alert expression. Lips tight and thin. An ideal crest begins at the stop and tapers off down neck. Long and flowing crest preferred, but sparse acceptable.
So dark as to appear black. Little or no white showing. Medium size, almond in shape. Set wide apart.
Set low: highest point of base of ear level with outside corner of eye. Large and erect, with or without fringe, except in Powder Puffs where drop ears are permissible.
Jaws strong, with perfect, regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Lean, free from throatiness, long and sloping gracefully into strong shoulders. When moving, carried high and slightly arched.
Shoulders clean, narrow and well laid back. Legs long and slender, set well under body. Elbows held close to body. Pasterns fine, strong, nearly vertical. Toes turned neither in nor out.
Medium to long. Supple. Chest rather broad and deep, not barrel-ribbed. Breast bone not prominent. Brisket extending to elbows; moderate tuck-up.
Rump well rounded and muscular, loins taut, stifles firm and long, sweeping smoothly into the well let down hocks. Angulation of the rear limbs must be such as to produce a level back. Hind legs set wide apart.
Hare-foot, narrow and long. Nails any colour, moderately long. Socks ideally confined to toes, but not extending above top of pastern. Feet turning neither in nor out.
Set high, carried up or out when in motion. Long and tapering, fairly straight, not curled or twisted to either side, falling naturally when at rest. Plume long and flowing, confined to lower two-thirds of tail. Sparse plume acceptable.
Long, flowing and elegant with good reach and plenty of drive.
No large patches of hair anywhere on body. Skin fine-grained, smooth, warm to the touch. In Powder Puffs coat consists of an undercoat with soft veil of long hair, veil coat a feature.
Any colour or combination of colours.
Ideal height in dogs: 28-33 cms (11-13 ins) at withers; bitches: 23-30 cms (9-12 ins) at withers. Weight varies considerably, but should not be over 5.4 kgs (12 lbs).
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Last Updated - January 2009
Chinese Crested Dogs are a lively, loyal affectionate little dog. They can sometimes be aloof to anyone but their ‘family’.
They are good guards but are not normally a noisy breed. They are a companion animal and do not take too kindly to being left on their own but relish the company of their owners and the comforts that their owners enjoy.
It is a good idea to take your Crested along to your vet for a thorough check and to establish his/her records. One important check is to record the dog’s temperature when it is in good health as this is an important guide to monitoring health conditions.
Some Chinese Crested can develop allergic reactions to some of the ingredients in moisturisers and skin creams. It is therefore a good idea to test for sensitivity before smothering your hairless in any product that has not been used before. Put a small amount on the back of the neck where it cannot be licked off, if in 24 - 48 hours there is no reaction it is safe to use that particular product.
As the skin of a Crested reacts very much like our own to strong sunlight never allow a hairless to be out in strong sunlight without using at least a Factor 15 sun block for sensitive skins.
They do like to sunbathe, so make sure the sun block covers all the skin including the underside, the inside of the legs and, if the edges of the ears have little or no hair pay attention to these areas as well. Dry dull days can be just as much of a problem for sparsely furnished ears. If the hair is sparse on the ears a small amount of Vaseline (or similar skin ointment) should be applied on the edges of the ears to prevent drying and cracking. Regular attention should be given to this.
Chinese Cresteds like to be kept clean!
How often do you wash a hairless? The answer is as often as it needs it - all have varying skin quality - some need to be washed at least every week, sometimes more, others stay smooth and soft and feel clean for several weeks occasionally longer.
Always wash and dry a hairless thoroughly before applying moisturiser. Only use a cream which will be absorbed into the skin and not block the pores. Blocked pores can cause spots and blackheads.
The skin quality of any individual Crested is governed by several factors not just hygiene. Genetics, diet, colour and age also influence the type of skin a hairless is blessed with. Teenage acne is experienced by many hairless to some degree whether male or female. This usually happens between the ages of 6 months and 18 months.
Products such as Tea Tree Lotion or Clearasil for sensitive skins are useful at this time, but care must be taken to stop the dog ingesting the lotion by washing as it will surely do if it is not distracted. If you are worried by your hairless’ skin seek breed specialist advice.
There are conditions that can affect the hairless which can be easily solved rather than subjecting the dog to expensive and time consuming tests which may not be necessary.
Between the ages of 6 months to 24 months powderpuffs shed their puppy coat.
This can be a difficult time as puppies will need constant daily or often more frequent grooming to keep their coat in good condition.
It is the only time in their life that they will moult, after the adult coat has developed they shed hair like you or I. The level of grooming required once the adult coat is fully developed varies according to the quality of coat. It can be as little as 10 minutes or up to 1 hour or more a day for the rest of their life if a full coat is preferred.
Using a comb, always remove tangles from the coat of a powderpuff before you get it wet. No amount of conditioner makes it any easier to comb free when wet and wet hair can stretch and break.
Never use a brush as it rarely reaches below the surface and can leave knots underneath. If you feel you don’t have the time or patience to properly maintain a full coat consider having the coat
clipped. They still look absolutely wonderful particularly in a lamb cut.
Where other breeds of dog and the powderpuff Chinese Crested have normal canine teeth, the hairless Crested usually has tusks, either pointing straight down or forward.
Various proprietary systems are available today or you can use a junior toothbrush with an appropriate animal toothpaste, or use Logic which your vet can supply. Hairless Cresteds can have shallow roots to their teeth so take care when cleaning. If there is any inflammation of the gums, consult your vet. Do not be anxious to remove the puppy teeth of a hairless unless they are causing pain, are doubled up with the adult teeth or are totally misplaced. They may not be replaced. Some hairless retain puppy teeth well into old age.
Powderpuffs should have nothing unusual about their teeth at all.
Pay particular attention to the inside of the ears - they must be kept clean. If you have any worries on this do visit your vet for advice on suitable cleaners and their application.
Always check the nails on all the feet. Nails on back feet often wear down more quickly than those on the front. When checking nails don’t forget the dewclaws if the dog still has these. If you are not absolutely sure how to clip the nails do take your dog to your vet to learn how if you wish to do it yourself. Incorrect clipping can be painful for the dog and may cause profuse bleeding.
In colder weather allow hairless Cresteds more to eat.
This is their way to adjust their body temperature to compensate for heat loss. If only giving one meal a day, rather than increasing the size of this one meal feed an extra meal with at least 6 hours between feeds. They will also benefit from wearing clothing in extremely cold weather!
This information is intended for advice only and should never be used in conflict with any veterinary advice.
If in doubt always discuss any health matters with your vet.
Finally, in the interests of the breed, if your Crested is a pet and was sold or given to you as such, please have your pet neutered to avoid the risk of unwanted puppies!
The Chinese Crested is an old oriental breed, with written history dating back to the 13th century in China. Yet, there is much controversy about exactly where this breed originated as there were hairless dogs found in Africa, Mexico and in Central and South America in the 1500s. So it's unknown whether the Chinese got the dog from Mexico or brought the dog with them and traded with the Indians of Mexico.
It is thought that the Chinese Crested dog was kept on board the Chinese fishing ships to control vermin, and/or they were a food source. It is also speculated that the hairless dogs were given to Royal Families as they would be content to sit on Elder's body giving them comfort through the heat that generated from their hairless bodies.
What is known is that the first Chinese Crested dogs were brought to Great Britain as part of a zoological show. The first Chinese Crested was registered in Great Britain in 1881. In 1880, a New Yorker, Ida Garrett, became interested in the breed; exhibiting, breeding and writing about the Chinese Crested for over sixty years. Mrs. Garrett shared her enthusiasm for the breed with a long-time friend Debra Woods. For nearly 40 years the two ladies worked together to promote the breed in the United States. In 1979 the American Chinese Crested Club was founded. In 1991 the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC).
The additional promotion of the Chinese Crested worldwide was by the American singer, dancer and entertainer, Gypsy Rose Lee. Her sister rescued a Chinese Crested dog from a Connecticut animal shelter and had given it to Ms. Lee. Ms. Lee was so taken with the breed; she became a breeder and protector of the Chinese Crested. It is to be noted that most active Crested kennels in the world can trace the ancestry of their dogs to the Crest Haven (Debra Woods) and Lee lines.
The standard for the breed is 11 to 13 inches at the shoulders, but you will find dogs slightly smaller or larger. Weight will vary depending on the size of the dog. Both breeds can come in any variation of colors and spots. Not always will an adult be the same color as when it was a puppy as the coat color can experience shade changes.
The breed comes in two coat varieties referred to as the "hairless" and the "powderpuff". The hairless will only have hair on their head (Crest), feet (Socks) and tail (Plume) with the rest of their body being hairless. However, there can be variations here too. A hairless can be a "Hairy Hairless", meaning the body can exhibit a short, thin coat covering the entire body, or a "True Hairless", meaning minimal to no body hair. The powderpuff has hair covering their entire body with a double, straight, soft, silky coat. The face and ears on both varieties can be shaved depending on the preference of the owner.
The personality of the breed is to be comical, lively, intelligent and affectionate, with cat-like tendencies (sitting in high places and using their paws to grab). As with all dogs, Cresteds should be well socialized to avoid shyness or fear of the unknown. Their medium to high activity level combined with their outgoing enthusiasm makes them excellent candidates for all types of performance training. They excel at agility, obedience, rally, and lure coursing. Their intelligent and affectionate personalities also make them great therapy dogs.
With each variety there is grooming. While the Crested is not the typical "shedding" breed, they will lose hair from breakage and/or during grooming. The hairless may need to be bathed more often to keep the skin clear, using lotions (without lanolin) to keep it supple, and sun block to avoid sun burns on the lighter colored Cresteds. Naturally, extreme temperatures should be taken into consideration with a hairless and clothing (without wool) is something the hairless enjoys. The powderpuff will also need routine bathing and brushing to maintain a healthy coat. Again, avoid products with lanolin as some Cresteds may have a reaction to it. Toy breeds are notorious for having poor teeth, but if you brush your Crested's teeth regularly you can maintain good dental health. Toenails should be trimmed to a moderate length.
Cresteds are considered hypoallergenic because they have hair not fur. To be "Hypoallergenic" is to have a decreased tendency to cause allergies. There is no such thing as a non-allergenic dog. Hypoallergenic dog breeds will still produce allergens, but because of their coat type will typically produce less than others. People with severe allergies or asthma need to spend time with any breed in order to determine if they will be affected.